- St. Paul's School
- Phillips Academy Andover
- Phillips Exeter Academy
- Deerfield School
- Hotchkiss School
- Choate Rosemary Hall
- Peddie School
- The Taft School
- Loomis Chaffee
Most colleges and universities of the world are taken from place names or names of founding fathers. In this connection, geography is more typical of private schools in Great Britain , and names are more often used by American colleges. Often, the history of the founding of universities is so mysterious and shrouded in secrets that are worthy even of film adaptation.
Some of the private schools in the US are listed below for your reference.
St. Paul's School
St. Paul's school-boarding school dates back to 1856, when the famous and not poor doctor George Chain Shattack hired a personal teacher for two sons, and in the summer house of his estate he founded a school for boys. Only in 100 years the school took on the training of girls. Now the school's territory includes up to 2 thousand acres, on which there are 4 lakes and a lot of parks.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the school administration adhered to rigid academic standards and religious standards of upbringing, but now representatives of minorities are also trained there.
In the history of unusual educational institutions the school came as the founder of hockey. According to school legends, it was on the ice of one of the lakes in 1883 that St. Paul's School was the first to play a puck in hockey. The team of the school, which could train on ice without much expense, has established itself as a giant of this sport. Very often the students of St. Paul's school managed to win the respected teams of Harvard and Yale universities.
Also the school is known as the first, which opened squash courts in America. Here, several Nobel laureates were trained, many professional hockey players and statesmen were released.
Phillips Academy Andover
The oldest registered boarding school in America is in Massachusetts. Often Phillips Academy is simply called Andover. The school was founded by S. Phillips Jr. in the wartime, in 1778. The founder wrote the "constitution" of the school, in which he noted the need for comprehensive development of the pupil, education and preparation of the younger generation for real life.
The national hero of the War of Independence, Paul Revere glorified Andover, creating a school coat of arms and motto: "Not for yourself."
Two US President, Mayor of Boston, founder of Harvard Law School, inventor of the alarm clock, Nobel laureate, creator of the Morse code came out of the walls of the Phillips Academy. The picturesque area near the school attracted film directors such as "The Catcher in the Rye", "Gilmore Girls", "Mind Games", "Social Network". A total school budget of about $ 700 million can be envied by any educational institution in the world.
Phillips Exeter Academy
A little later Andover was founded school, which developed and implemented the principle of equality between the teacher and the student. The so-called "Harkness table" provides for the location of all participants of the educational action at one table, and the training takes place in a lively discussion. A well-known philanthropist E. Harkness proposed this method of training as more effective and allocated the Academy for the introduction of innovation about 6 million dollars.
The teacher is not a learning center, he acts as one of the members of an equitable discussion and just directs the topics of discussion. Conversations at the oval table encourage school children to prove their beliefs and develop analytical thinking.
It is possible that it was such a democratic style of learning that developed the genius of the founder of the social network "FaceBook" M. Zuckerberg. Even during his studies in the middle classes of the academy, he began to think about the possibility of creating a "directory of all schoolchildren" with photographs.
The creation of the school originates from a small rural school, in which 14 children studied. When the young future director of Deerfield School saw the ugly building of a tiny school, he decided that work here would only be a stepping stone to the future career of politics. But, having worked as head of the educational institution for more than 60 years, Frank Boyden literally "on the brick" created a world-famous school that is equal in quality education Andoveru or Exeter.
The history of the director, who created such an influential institution from an inconspicuous school in a small village, impressed many creative people. About the life and work of F. Boyden written several stories, a book by J. McPhee, a documentary film was created.
The history of this school attracts attention by what its woman founded. Maria Hochkiss, taking as a basis the democratic principles in the teaching environment, in 1891 opened a small institution for teenagers. The main goal of the founder of the school was to train young people to enter universities on the basis of personal freedom and creativity.
Now Hotchkiss School can be proud of its graduates, among whom there are well-known politicians, pianists and Nobel laureate. Teachers of the institution pay attention to the development of creative talents. The main direction of extracurricular activities is music. Even the administrations of large conservatories note the excellent equipment of the school with musical instruments and technical novelties.
Occupying an area of up to 32 hectares, the school trains no more than 600 children, which provides not only comfortable living conditions, but also the personal approach of mentors and teachers. One teacher is responsible for the education of 5-6 students.
A small private school, located near New York, was founded in 1810. The school became famous thanks to the writer's gift of Owen Johnson, who described in his novel the school years of the protagonist in this school. Johnson, who himself graduated from Lawrenceville, so captivatingly told about the experiences of the little boy that in the early 20th century his novel was read by all teenagers in America. The screen version of the book has made the school world famous.
The architectural solution of the school also has its own ancient history. A composition from several buildings of the educational institution and auxiliary buildings was thought out and realized by specialists from the famous architectural bureau, which was engaged in the most famous construction projects of the early 20th century.
The garden designer, crowned with an all-American glory, formed the central park of New York for the creation of the recreational recreation area.
Learning material in Lawrenceville schoolchildren learn through discussions and discussions at the "round table". This is the school that sees the reason for the incredible successes of its graduates.
Choate Rosemary Hall
The history of the boarding school is unusual in that it was founded at the end of the 19th century in the form of two schools (for boys and girls) by Chotei's spouses. When the institutions were merged, the name reflected respect for both founders. As a coat of arms, a private school uses the family coat of arms of Chote's ancestors, and the slogan is words about the importance of loyalty and honesty.
The school accepts only one out of every four students and is proud that all of its graduates enter the leading US universities: Georgetown University, New York University and Yale University. Among the graduates of the Choate Rosemary Hall are many people who have chosen the careers of filmmakers, screenwriters and actors. There is also a Pulitzer laureate, members of the Senate, diplomats, a US representative to NATO.
The history of the educational institution began in 1864 with the founding of the women's Baptist preparatory school. The change in the rules of admission allowed for the admission of boys. And in 1872, philanthropist Tom Paddy donated 25 thousand dollars for the development of the school and immortalized his name in the name of the school.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the material problems of the school demanded to limit the admission to the education of girls, but now it is a non-religious school with the joint education of children of both sexes. The donations of former students and philanthropists allowed the school to expand to 60 buildings.
Politician Walter Annenberg, who graduated from Peddie School, financially supported its development for more than 75 years. Thanks to him, the school not only built new buildings of libraries and sports centers, but also founded scholarships for talented students, so that even children from unsecured families could get an excellent education.
The scientific center of the school, named after the Annenberg family, studies modern problems in the field of sociology and psychology. Educational resources of the center are available to researchers from all over the world. 10 thematic laboratories allow students to see the practical side of science and direct their research interest.
The Taft School
Unlike many other American schools that take their name from the names of patrons who provided the building and the means for their discovery, Taft School is named after the outstanding teacher Horace Taft. After graduationYelya a modest Latin teacher became fired with the desire to create a new educational institution based on the ideals of academic freedom and creativity.
At the end of the 19th century, R. Black provided assistance to a school friend, who allowed the establishment of the institution in his own abandoned old hotel in Watertown. First, under the supervision of Taft, 17 students entered, and now the school is an institution for gifted children and trains up to 500 boys and girls.
The slogan of the school "To serve, not to demand service" emphasizes the democratic values that the institution brings up. Many graduates of the school receive grants for studies from influential universities in Europe and America.
The school is due to the Lumis family, who planned to create an institution with high moral principles. The school accepted children from different social strata, regardless of gender and material well-being.
Graduates had to pay attention to improving the lives of those in need and to care for those who need protection. In the first year, less than 50 students, the agencies joined forces with the social assistance service and took over the local indigents, delivering Christmas baskets and warm clothes to them. Since 1915 and to this day the school of Loomis Chaffee adheres to the principles of humanity and charity.
During the Great Depression, the school conducted actions in support of orphans. These traditions are relevant in our time. The students of Loomis Chaffee annually prepare a Christmas party for children and spend a lot of time on charitable work.
The first building of the school was erected in 1639 by the ancestor of the founders of the institution, Joseph Loomis. It is this historic structure that has become home to four dozen boys and five girls, who became the first students. For a hundred years the school has increased, and it became necessary to open additional educational buildings. Women's part in 1926 stood out in a special Chaffee School, helping girls get enviable for those times education.
Among the successful students of Loomis Chaffee can be named several politicians of international level, designers of clothes, writers and writers. The modern American writer Jonathan Carroll, who became the winner of the World Fantasy Award and Bram Stoker Award, in some of his stories mentions the school years of the main characters, paying tribute to alma mater.
Unusual stories and legends about institutions and the development of educational institutions are always an urgent topic for research. Deepening in the historical era of the foundation of famous colleges and schools involved not one generation of enthusiastic students and their teachers. But even now there are still many "white pages" in the history of the development of American education. And ample opportunities for searching for historical truth by not indifferent enthusiasts.