- How to study in German schools
- What is taught in German schools
- How many years of studying in Germany
Worldwide, it is widely known how high the level of secondary education is offered in this country. The academic programs that exist today come from a long tradition of teaching and a time-honored learning system. Many parents want to send their children to the school of Germany, because it opens up to their pupils the way to the best European universities.
How to study in German schools
The education of children in Germany begins at the age of six. The program is divided into two stages. First, the initial education (Grundschule), which lasts 4 years: here children are taught reading, writing and counting, they study natural history, as well as a discipline very similar to Russian religious studies (theology). Then the students move to the secondary level, which is also divided into several types: Hauptschule (main school), Realschule (real school), Gimnasium (gymnasium, already considered a profile school) or Gesamtschule (the general school representing a mixture of the first three types).
Also, if for some reason the parents have not yet decided which school to continue to give the child to, there is a transitional stage (Orientirungsstufe), which will postpone this decision for another 2 years. However, do not forget that obtaining a certificate of full secondary education (Abitur ) for foreign students is possible only if they are taught in private schools or gymnasiums.
Another important nuance is the peculiarity of the evaluation system in Germany: here assessments are presented as if "on the contrary": then Is "excellent" denoted by a unit, and "unsatisfactory" by a five. The remaining estimates are correspondingly. The school day begins at 8 am and ends at 13-14 hours.
What is taught in German schools
As well as in all European countries, in Germany there are private boarding schools, where the requirements for applicants are quite high (knowledge of English and German, Etc.). At the same time, the educational program at a private school is at an appropriate level and provides a wide variety of training concepts, from the Waldorf School to Montessori and the globally renowned Salem School. It is the private school that forms its pupils with such qualities and skills as:
- Discipline and responsibility. For this, the program provides for a large number of individual assignments, which becomes an obligation for each student. Sometimes tasks are performed collectively, in small groups, but more often independently, in order to develop these qualities.
- Purposefulness. Thanks to this system, schoolchildren in Germany, from a young age, get used to set goals, plan, calculate their strengths, and, of course, make independent decisions. It supports the motivation of students and the rating system for assessing their knowledge, which is quite common among German schools.
- His own point of view. As already mentioned, the educational program of German schools is based on concepts that promote freedom of choice and are aimed at developing original thinking, which allows them to form their own views.
- Development of individual abilities. In Germany, teachers and parents are trying at the primary school stage to identify the preferences and strengths of children: to understand which of the class will be interested in further opening their business, and who in the future will give preference to sports or art and creativity, and so on.
- Physical training. The sports part of the curriculum is also given due attention: German schools provide greater freedom of choice for sports after-school hours - these are electives with a variety of physical activities for every taste.
How many years of studying in Germany
Studying at a German school is the longest among other European institutions. Here the acquisition of secondary education takes 13 years. Thus, the Russian certificate in Germany corresponds to the level of knowledge of the 10th grade, so to obtain a document on secondary education of the German model, the student must be disaccustomed to the 11th, 12th and 13th grades.
A day's study at a German private school for a German private school will cost the parents 10-16 thousand euros for one academic term, with a boarding school - from 10 to 35 thousand per semester . It is also worth noting that there is a free education option for both citizens of the country and for foreign students - the public school.