Higher education in the United Kingdom for pupils and studens. List of institutions, rankings, prices

Education information

The world championship in the quality of education (secondary and higher) still remains for England, therefore, to enter the UK university, Russian applicants need to make considerable efforts. The main difference between the Russian and British training systems is the list of subjects required for in-depth study and the number of years of study: higher education in England and the UK will take longer than teaching at home, and this rule applies to most specialties.

Both systems generally provide a compulsory part and a pre-university program. In Russia, children are engaged in school for 9 years, and then can go on vocational training or continue their studies to grade 11. In the UK, compulsory education lasts until grade 11, after which prospective applicants enter the A-level program and are preparing for higher education in England. Two years of classes (12-13 grades) are aimed at a more detailed study of several subjects that are necessary in the university, especially those who go deep in school go through the disciplines that are provided by higher educational institutions for the acquisition of the future profession.

It is quite obvious that British universities can not take into account the Russian school certificate as a sufficient level for admission - studies abroad after grade 11 [999.11 ] Will require additional training from the student. But an excellent way for Russian school leavers is to provide specialized preparatory programs aimed at those wishing to obtain higher education in England. Choosing the right option, the student can improve his English language in a short time, develop the subject terminology, identify weaknesses in his knowledge and fill the gaps in education. Pre-university training programs will also help you to pass through 3 - 5 necessary items and pass exams on them.

To enroll in an institution of higher education and receive a prestigious higher education in England, Russian entrants can have three roads:

Requirements for applicants in English universities

The minimum requirement for admission to English universities is the certificate of incomplete secondary education GCSE (it is received at the end of grade 11). And if you want to be sure of your admission, at least 5 items on the GCSE should be submitted for an excellent assessment (A * -A on the British system). Also, universities are very attentive to the level of English of their entrants: be prepared to take the international IELTS exam (the minimum requirements for universities start from IELTS 5.0-5.5).

The entire package of documents (be careful - its full set the university can establish independently) is submitted through a special general online system UCAS. A big plus - applicants can submit documents to several universities at once (usually no more than six): this will increase your chances of enrollment, because if you are denied the most priority option, you will have several alternatives. Please note: the most privileged and elite universities (Oxford, Cambridge, London School of Economics and Political Science) may require a personal presence when submitting documents, passing a personal interview not through Skype (as is customary) and passing additional admission tests.

Complete the application and upload documents to the UCAS system as soon as possible - at least six months before the expected start of studies. The golden rule: the more privileged and prestigious the institution of your choice, the sooner you need to start claiming a place on its programs.

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Preparatory pre-university programs in the UK

Two types of programs for foreign applicants allow you to prepare for enrollment in English University most effectively. A certificate of full education with a high average score (4.5 - 5) and the results of a language test will help you to enter either a preparatory course at a university or a program of a national center for the preparation of students from abroad.

A versatile University Foundation Program (UFP) program, which allows you to quickly improve the language and adapt your own knowledge to the systemeducation in the UK . The program introduces Russian entrants to teaching methods, gives the basics of knowledge on the necessary subjects. Usually a full course of preparation for schoolchildren are held on the basis of a selected university, so they can get acquainted with the student residence, learn more teachers, select the most interesting communities and clubs. Many private colleges and higher schools offer training on this pre-university program, but the world-famous Cambridge and Oxford provide for a more complex procedure for admission of foreigners.

A significant number of private institutions reserve places in advance for their students in British schools, so to ensure that children receive a guaranteed entry, they must receive sufficient English test scores and pass examinations in subjects. The choice of subjects is determined by the requirements of the university, but in all disciplines there are lectures, practical classes and seminars; Programs offer mandatory modules and selective ones. Duration of UFP: 1-1.5 years.

Подготовка к университету в Англии

The next pre-university program for foreign students -Certificate of Higher Education . This newly developed complex allows successful students to enroll at the second year of the university and graduate in England a little faster, as it unites the Foundation program and one year of the bachelor's course. Students in one year (46 weeks) at a very high level learn English and a number of academic subjects. The CHE certificate indicates that the student has an elementary level of higher education and is able to continue his studies in the future.

For admission to higher education institutions of the top-level list, a more advanced level of pre-university training is required, which offersthe A-level program . For two years of preparation the schoolboy intensively passes up to 7 profile subjects. The results of examinations on them are taken into account as entrance to the university. Many leading universities in the UK consider the passage of the national A-level program as an indispensable condition for entering and receiving higher education in England.

The international standard program International Baccalaureate is also among the leaders of pre-university courses. IB was developed outside the country, but in Britain, many educational institutions it is called preferred for foreign citizens. Now IB program is recognized in more than 100 countries, therefore its passage will allow choosing any prestigious high school of the world. For two years of study, schoolchildren are compulsorily 3 subjects in very detailed and 3 - at the general level. All students study the theory of knowledge as a separate subject, developing self-study skills. Additionally, the disciplines are studied to choose from.

Высшее образование в Великобритании

Programs for graduates and students of Russian universities

Students who are already being trained in Russian universities can also continue their studies at the University of England. The system of education in the UK allows for a transfer to a lower course from the university of Russia or entry to a master's degree after the completion of the 5th course in Russia. For each category of applicants, their own transitional programs are provided, allowing to complete higher education in England.

First of all, we would like to note the classical bachelor's program: this is the most popular course of higher education in the UK, and it is for bachelor's courses that students of Russian universities are most often transferred (for example, through transfer programs). Usually a bachelor's degree can be obtained in 3-4 years, but for certain specialties (medicine, architecture) the term can be increased to 6 years. The curriculum includes both seminars, and practical, and theoretical studies - but in general, practical work in universities in Britain is many times more than in Russia: it is a variety of research, scientific work, production practices and internships, group presentations, etc. . In addition to the compulsory block of disciplines, each student chooses for himself an optional, optional direction: for example, if the study is conducted at the Faculty of Law, in addition to the main area of ​​law, the student can improve knowledge of taxation, international law or M & amp; A.

The program Diploma will help Russian students continue to study in another country and will thoroughly acquaint our compatriots with life and requirements in British universities. Studying at the Diploma, the student passes the first year of bachelor's degree and improves the English language. Foreign students get acquainted with the curriculum, adapt to local mentality. You can apply for a Diploma with 75 - 85 points for the TOEFL language exam (or IELTS 5.5) and an excellent certificate of full education in the school. After the completion of the program, the student moves to the second year of his undergraduate degree in his specialty and receives a higher education in the UK.

Business education in the UK is available to holders of the Russian diploma of the highest level of preparation (equivalent to a Bachelor's degree in England). Those wishing to obtain a doctorate or master's degree can complete business training programs for Pre-MBA and Pre-Masters. Training on them lasts usually 1-3 terms, and duration depends on the level of English proficiency and the required specialty. You can apply for business programs after receiving 6.0 on the IELTS test or 550 TOEFL points. For admission to the Pre-MBA is mandatory experience of leadership work from 2 years or more.

Университеты в Великобритании

Graduate Diploma program allows specialists with a bachelor's degree in the RF to obtain a master's degree. The peculiarity of the program is a change in the direction of preparation. That is, if the specialist decided to change his qualification and choose another professional direction, he should receive training on a 6-12-month Graduate Diploma program. Also an indispensable condition for successful study in the magistracy is an active scientific and research work: it is impossible to do exclusively with general lectures and seminars. Two semesters of training allow you to master the basic knowledge of the new specialty and submit documents to the Master's program of the English university. To enter the program, you will need 70-80 points for the TOEFL language (IELTS 5.0 - 5.5) and the presence of a Russian university diploma.

Bachelor and Master - Higher Education in the UK

Higher education abroad , especially in England, has a long and rich history of formation. Since the founding of Oxford and Cambridge in the 12-13 centuries, universities have always been among the most respected and prestigious. Foreign applicants invariably choose the traditional British quality, this is confirmed by the numerous foreign students who are now studying at universities more than 65 thousand - higher education in England is highly valued.

The universities of the country provide for a variety of subject specialization and are world leaders in a variety of qualifications. The system of study in Scotland is slightly different from English, and students are trained here for a bachelor's degree for 4 years. Passage of practice is a prerequisite for many respected educational institutions. Often it is the practical stage of training that increases the general bachelor's programs for 1 year. A longer practice is envisaged for special programs: architecture, medicine, dentistry. Students of these specialties must be trained up to 7 years. In England, a master's degree can usually be obtained in 1-2 years, depending on the direction of preparation.

Учёба в университете в Англии

An important aspect of obtaining higher education in England is its high price: the cost of the courses will correspond to the prestige of the university, the duration of the training, the chosen specialty. Despite the impressive pay, it is very difficult to enter, because such a diploma is highly valued in all countries and allows the graduate to build a brilliant career abroad. On average, students pay 9 - 13 thousand pounds a year. The most expensive are the profession of a lawyer, a physician, an MBA, for their receipt it will be necessary to pay at least 21-35 thousand pounds a year. Also, British schools provide for other items of expenditure: registration fee, deposit, training materials, as well as accommodation and meals, additional lessons and excursions, personal pocket expenses.

Please note that for international students there are a variety of scholarships and financial grants that can cover a significant part of the cost of training. Of course, there are more opportunities for British citizens and EU citizens (for example, scholarships can be awarded to them at 100% of the cost of study), but for Russian students there are hundreds (really hundreds!) Of opportunities - do not neglect them: higher education in the UK is a thing More than costly.

Students entering British universities should take into account that, most likely, studying abroad will be much more difficult than in Russia - even if you do not have a language barrier in front of you. For example, at most bachelor's programs, no more than 4-5 subjects are studied in each semester, but at the end of the semester the students will have a large complex test in all directions, and every 3 months there will be a fairly complex test of the level of knowledge. Remember that to a variety of cribs (both "paper" and electronic) in the UK are very strict - you may not be made a strict observation, but the next day you will see your name on the list of expelled without the right to restore. Bribes in English universities are also a single phenomenon, and the punishment for teachers is much stricter than for students: you simply will not be able to find a teacher who would agree to risk a career for a paid exam. Only your knowledge and diligent study!

How to choose the right university?

  1. Study the profile and specialties offered by different universities, and choose from them those options that apply in the direction.
  2. Research the university rating from The Complete University Guide and The Times Subject Tables.
    1. Determine the geographical location, the ability to travel, proximity to the airport and major cities.
    2. Learn the scientific and material basis of the university, what opportunities does it offer students.
    3. Find out what kind of policy the university holds toward foreign students, is it possible to receive a scholarship in your specialty.
    4. It is worthwhile to inquire about the results of the official audit of the Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education.
    5. Find out what admission requirements need to be studied additionally.
    6. Learn On the cost of courses.
    7. Take care of the comfort of living, learn about the living conditions in the residence and the requirements for students.

Top universities in the UK: the famous names and flagships of the educational world

Of course, for each student the choice of the university will be individual. Nevertheless, below we will list the institutions that have proven themselves as the best for dozens (and sometimes hundreds!) Of years. Maybe one of them will be suitable for you?

  • The Open University of Great Britain

Was founded in 1969 by a personal decree of Elizabeth II: today it is considered the largest educational institution in England. More than 200,000 people study here (both British and foreigners), offices operate in 13 cities, and the partner network is represented by institutions in 50 world countries.

  • University of Glasgow

One of the oldest universities in the United Kingdom, which began its work in 1451 (4th place among the oldest universities in the world! ). It is included in the list of the best universities of the planet (only 1% of the total number of world universities).

  • Medical universities - specifically, the University of Astronomia

Founded in 1895, the university is considered the best in the country to train qualified medical specialists in a variety of Directions.

  • The University of York

Founded in Yorkshire in 1965: the classical education and the highest qualification of the teaching staff allowed him quickly Enter the TOP-10 of British universities, as well as the top ten research centers in the country. Separately it is worth noting the very high level of successful employment of graduates - more than 97%.

  • Cambridge University

The legendary alma mater of the powerful of this world: politicians and rulers, kings and other monarchs, the elite of the modern world and Nobel laureates. Repeatedly recognized as the best university in the world. Today, Cambridge includes 31 colleges (three - traditionally female), in which more than 19,000 students study.

  • Oxford University

The oldest and one of the smallest number of the most prestigious universities in the world: the date of its foundation is lost in the centuries, but it is for certain , That already in the middle of the XI (!) Century teaching was conducted within its walls. An incredible number of famous graduates, including the political, cultural, scientific elite of the modern world, and huge opportunities on the campus - today Oxford is a whole city in the city where there is absolutely everything a person needs. The structure of Oxford includes 38 colleges, where more than 20,000 people study (about a quarter are foreigners).

  • University of Manchester

Was founded in 1824: today this university is the highest among British university entrants. More than 500 different programs and courses are taught, and for research potential the University of Manchester follows immediately after Oxford and Cambridge.

  • University of Leeds

Founded in 1904, today it is considered one of the largest universities in the country. Best in the UK for teaching foreign languages, in the field of chemical sciences, electronics and transport systems.

  • University of East Anglia

An amazing university, founded in 1963, is extremely popular among students due to a unique combination: the highest rating in Britain And the world, excellent quality of educational programs, a high level of research programs - and at the same time low cost of education.

  • Bata University

It was founded in 1966 and since then their national TOP-20 universities have not been published. Very strong in teaching business disciplines, technical sciences. However, it offers a fairly democratic cost of study.

  • The University of Sheffield

More than 3,200 teachers, more than 35,000 students and the most active research work make this university one of the most visible In the UK and the world. The annual grant for research is about 5 million pounds sterling: the development of scientists and students are used in NASA, Microsoft, Sony, Philips and other international corporations.

Secondary education in the UK

It's no secret that enrolling in universities and high schools of the UK is easiest, having received a secondary education in the same country. Briefly describe the system of secondary education in the United Kingdom to give an idea of ​​the overall national curriculum leading to the best universities.

Education is compulsory for all British nationals of 5-16 years of age. Up to 6 years, parents can send a child to a nursery or kindergarten, where children 3-4 years old learn to count, write and read, and already at 5 years old children study in preparatory classes and are preparing for the basic school program. After 16 years of age and receiving an incomplete secondary education, a student can start working, get a professional qualification for GNVQ, or enter the Sixth Form (A-level, IB, Cambridge Pre-U) to prepare for the university.

The main stages of British school education:

  • Primary classes (5-10 years). SAT or Common Entrance Examination exams for secondary school entrance
  • Secondary school (11-14 years) - usually preparation for the GCSE program, studying a wide range of basic academic subjects
  • GCSE (14- 16 years) - a two-year course completing a part-time secondary education program. Schools for students of this age are usually already called Upper School
  • High School: Preparing for the Sixth Form (this can be the A-level, IB, Cambridge Pre-U).

Schools in the UK are usually divided into public ( Free training for citizens of the United Kingdom) and private (paid and quite expensive, available to foreigners). Usually parents send their child to study abroad, they choose private schools: most private schools - boarding houses, that is, they provide accommodation and meals for the duration of their studies, fully guarantee the safety and comfort of each student, offer the widest choice of electives, additional classes in art and creativity , Modern infrastructure and equipment.

In addition to private schools, high school students can choose international colleges for training at universities - every year in the UK they are becoming more and more. Strengths of international colleges include the most effective language programs aimed at improving the level of English (specially adapted for foreigners), as well as the focus on preparation for universities. These schools do not provide a full educational cycle (from 3-5 years to high school), which gives them the opportunity to concentrate as much as possible on the pre-university training of students.

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