Higher education in Spain attracts foreigners with accessibility: since 2015, new rules for admission of applicants to universities have come into force. Today, Russians and foreigners after grade 11 can enter the chosen university without entrance examinations Selectividad or Pruebas de Acceso a Estudios Universitarios (PAU ) - study abroad after grade 11 becomes more accessible. But, as with learning in England after grade 11 , the procedure has several characteristics. Admission without examinations is carried out on a residual principle after completing the faculties. For admission, mandatory mandatory homologation of the certificate.
The homologation procedure for the certificate is provided for foreign applicants (not Europeans) of Spanish universities. The first stage involves the apostille on the document, then the certificate is translated into Spanish, certified by the Ministry of Education. The legalized document on education is submitted to the admissions office of the chosen institution.
Homologation is usually performed while preparing for Selectividad. On average, the process takes 6 - 12 months.
Homologation of the certificate is mandatory for applicants of Spanish public institutions. Private universities do not require the legalization of documents on education. There is also no need for homologation when transferring a student from a university to an institution of higher learning, when enrolling in a master's program, postgraduate study, PEI and MBA.
Admission to a university without the option of Selectividad is not always possible. For applicants of prestigious specialties in medical, pharmaceutical, architectural, engineering, business areas, the examination is compulsory. They also pass the exam to study at the universities of Alicante, Valencia, Catalonia.
The entrance examination is similar to the Russian USE. It is dealt annually in June, August / September. Examination program is designed for 2 days. Exact test dates are determined approximately in March, at the same time registration for the entrance exam is carried out.
The exam for foreign applicants differs from that which the Spaniards take. The test consists of two parts.
The compulsory phase includes 4 subjects: Spanish, foreign language (Portuguese, Italian, German, French, English for choice), history of philosophy or history of Spain, special subject. The latter is selected from the list in accordance with the direction:
The Selectividad special phase provides preparation for two more subjects to increase the assessment on the compulsory part. Additional disciplines are chosen in accordance with the priority specialization. A special phase is recommended first of all to entrants of faculties with a large competition (medical, engineering, architectural). The rules for selecting items are similar to those for the 4th block of the mandatory phase.
Selectividad is quite a difficult exam for both the Spaniards themselves and for foreigners. It requires special training. The preparatory course is designed for 8 months. Classes begin each year in October. The training program includes subject, language blocks, examining the methodology for passing the exam and acquaintance with the assessment system. The results of the exam are evaluated on a ten-point scale. The main is the total score for the mandatory part of Selectividad. The estimate for the special part is applied to the main part with the use of special coefficients. The cumulative test result can reach 12 - 14 points. Passing points are different for those or other faculties of Spanish universities. The result of 10 points and higher is required from the entrants of medical, pharmaceutical, engineering faculties. The passing score for the specialty in law, natural sciences, the humanities, mathematics is 5 points or higher.