A particularly attractive feature of primary and secondary school education in Scotland is the breadth and depth of knowledge and skills - this provides a high level of student autonomy, a flexible approach to curricula and knowledge. Receive secondary education in Scotland seek and Russian and foreign students, including a large number of British subjects. For comparison: in Scotland, about 9% of the total population of Britain, with 15% of students choose the educational institutions of the country, preferring them to the Irish and English centers. In some national universities, the number of foreigners reaches 45%, and the overall indicator is at the level of 10-15%.
The Scots like to emphasize that their education is even better than the world-famous English standard (both middle and upper level). Some differences are already apparent in the primary school (primary school takes students from 5 years): its duration is 7 years, (instead of traditional English 6 years), that is, secondary education starts at 12 years.
At the age of 15 each student passes the exams and receives the Scottish Certificate of Education (SCE Standard Grade) - this document corresponds to the English known GCSE. Then, continue education at the selected college or school (to get Higher Grade, a higher certificate of complete secondary education). Higher Grade is issued to schoolchildren who have additionally completed a course of study from 16 to 18 years old and have successfully passed 5-6 subject examinations. Higher Grade is highly regarded when enrolled in a Scottish high school and is considered a guarantor of a fairly high level of knowledge and skills.
In addition, the student can study for another year and get the Scottish Certificate of Sixth Year Studies (SCSYS) - instead of him, the Advanced Higher certificate now operates. This is a complete analogue of the English prestigious A-level. Presentations of this document are sufficient for admission to the top universities throughout the UK. In some schools it is possible to take exams and get English A-level - the choice remains only at the discretion of the student, both certificates are prestigious and highly listed on admission to universities.
In total, 43 colleges (analogues of technical schools in Russia) operate in the country, which provide special or post-secondary education services. This is an opportunity to acquire the chosen qualification (academic or professional) - from the elementary level to the equivalent of a diploma of higher education. The list of specialties, subjects and directions is quite extensive:
The year of full-time study entitles you to a Higher National Certificate, and two Year of full-time education - Higher Education Diploma.
If the student does not plan to enter college, he can continue studying on the Foundation program or prefer SIFP: this is a single preparatory program fully in line with international standards. Successfully completing one of these programs, the student can almost seamlessly enter any Scottish high school, including among the most ranking and prestigious.
Bachelor's degree studies (undergraduate) usually last 4 years: the first two involve learning a large number of basic specialties, and the next two are devoted to studying the specialty and the chosen profile and direction. In the last year, especially gifted and stubborn students can get a prestigious degree with distinction (Bachelor with Honors).
A distinctive feature of Scottish high schools is flexible combined curricula: students can choose several specialties for training, even if they are taught in different faculties, and attend classes of their own choice completely freely. Such combination of courses makes it possible to obtain a useful double degree (joint degree) - for example, a diploma simultaneously in economics and accounting. Also, the famous "sandwich courses" are very attractive for students: they provide an opportunity, in addition to academic training, to obtain valuable practical experience and internships in companies based on the chosen profile.